As outrage over family separations at the southern US border continues to boil, protesters and even a number of Democratic politicians are increasingly calling for the abolition of the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, or Ice. Those calls reached a new dramatic pitch on Wednesday when a woman scaled the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty, and at least six protesters were arrested after hanging a banner calling for the abolition of Ice.
Ice was created in when the Bush administration reorganized a number of federal agencies in response to the 11 September terrorist attacks, and placed them under the brand new Department of Homeland Security.
Ice, which now employs over 20, people, is one of three agencies that absorbed and assumed the functions of the now defunct Immigration and Naturalization Service and the United States Customs Service. Ice is not the agency conducting family separations at the US border.
Instead, Ice is primarily tasked with what it calls Enforcement and Removal Operations: essentially the location, detention and deportation of undocumented immigrants who have already successfully crossed the border and are living in the US. Under President Barack Obama, the unit prioritized removing those undocumented immigrants who had committed serious crimes, but the Trump administration has broadened its mandate to target anyone in the US illegally.
The agency also houses a Homeland Security Investigations HSI unit which targets major border-related crimes such as the trafficking of drugs, weapons and human beings, as well as a much smaller legal services department. Because of this multipart structure, even some Ice agents believe it should be abolished, although likely not in the way that activists are calling for. US immigration.
US immigration: what is Ice and why is it controversial? Family separations at the border are driving calls to abolish the agency seen as villain. Jamiles Lartey in New Orleans. Published on Thu 5 Jul On January 28,the U. DEA listed it, along with nine other synthetic cathinoneson the Schedule 1 with a temporary ban, effective February 27, Italy classified cathinone and all structurally derived analogues including pyrovalerone analogues as Narcotics on January It is encompassed by those provisions, and therefore has been illegal for many years in New South Wales.
The legislative action followed the death of two individuals from using it; one jumping off a balcony, another having a heart attack after a state of delirium. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the pharmaceutical excipient called PVP, see polyvinylpyrrolidone.
IUPAC name. Interactive image. Society of Forensic Toxicologists. Archived from the original PDF on April 6, CBC News.
The Independent. Journal of Mass Spectrometry. Bibcode : JMSp National Institute on Drug Abuse. Journal of Analytical Toxicology.
AAFS Proceedings. Abstract K Forensic Science International. September European Neuropsychopharmacology. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Behavioural Pharmacology. Reagent Base.
Archived from the original on Retrieved 3 December Clinical Toxicology. Disposition of toxic drugs and chemicals in man.
Seal Beach, Ca. August Retrieved September 29, China Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 1 October Serie Generale n. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved The Sydney Morning Herald.Error: This is required.
Error: Not a valid value. Ice crystal meth is a methamphetamine, a member of the amphetamine family of drugs. It is very addictive, and linked to chronic physical and mental health problems.
Crystal Meth Facts
Ice is a type of amphetamine. It is also known as crystal meth, shabu, crystal, glass, shard and p. It is a stimulant drug, which means it speeds up the messages travelling to and from your brain. It is more powerful than other types of methamphetamine, like speed. It comes as little crystals that look like ice or as a crystal-like powder, and has a strong smell and bitter taste.
Users find their heart is racing and they breathe very quickly. Their blood pressure and temperature also go up. They also repeat simple actions such as scratching and itching. People who use it repeatedly can get lung and heart problemsand have a stroke. People who overdose can have heart palpitationsa heart attackfits and become unconscious.
If you suspect someone has overdosed on ice, call triple zero and ask for an ambulance. People who use ice regularly look much older than they should, and find their teeth badly damaged.Bmw e46 k bus wiring diagram diagram base website wiring
They also lose a lot of weight and can become unhealthily thin and are likely to become addicted. Find out about ice's effect on mental health.
You can find information on getting help on the Drug Help website or by calling the National Alcohol and Other Drug Hotline on Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.
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Read more on Better Health Channel website. Methamphetamine or 'ice' comes with many short and long term effects. Find out what to do in the case of addiction or withdrawal and places to get help. Read more on NSW Health website. Priapism,a persistent erection not caused by sexual desire or stimulation, is caused by problems with the nerves or blood vessels in the penis, which results in blood remaining trapped in the penis.
Healthdirect Australia is not responsible for the content and advertising on the external website you are now entering. Crystal meth is a highly addictive drug. There is a total of 5 error s on this form, details are below. Please enter your name Please enter your email Your email is invalid.
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Your email: is required Error: This is required Error: Not a valid value. Send to: is required Error: This is required Error: Not a valid value. What is ice? Ice is usually smoked or injected, but can also be swallowed or snorted.But what is ice, and what effects can it have on those who take it?
Ice is a potent form of meth which can be smoked in a similar way to cocaine, with both producing similar effects of an immediate, intense high and increased alertness. It gets its name because it resembles rock candy or a chip of ice. Unlike the 15 minute high crack users get, the high from ice can last between 8 and 24 hours. These enter the bloodstream through the lungs and get rapidly sent to the brain.
It can also easily be used in public without being detected, as it has no scent. Ice is used both for recreational purposes, and in the workplace to increase alertness. Ice is one of the most destructive drugs on the illicit market, as it has devastating physical, mental and behavioural effects.
If a supply of ice holds out, a person can stay up for days, eating little or no food — and when it wears off, they will be exhausted, anxious and depressed. The cravings for ice are intense, and people will do whatever it takes to get more. An ice user can get violent, having severe mood swings — and if they need to commit crimes to get more drugs, they will consider this more important than anything else.
Physical side effects include weight loss, heart palpitations and sores on the body, made worse by users who pick at and scratch their bodies, due to hallucinations of bugs crawling under their skin. Ice users can have severe dental problems that result in all of the teeth being extracted — and other symptoms include:.
Overdosing can lead to symptoms such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, heart attack, stroke or even cardiac arrest.
Severe overdoses can lead to people falling into a coma, suffering seizures and kidney failure. A thorough recovery programme is required for ice addicts to regain their mental and physical health, with some centres using nutritional supplements and saunas to flush the toxins out of the system and repair damage. Follow Metro. The Fix The daily lifestyle email from Metro. Sign up. Share this article via facebook Share this article via twitter Share this article via messenger Share this with Share this article via email Share this article via flipboard Copy link.
Share this article via comment Share this article via facebook Share this article via twitter. Today's Best Discounts.Methamphetamine [note 1] contracted from N - methylamphetamine is a potent central nervous system CNS stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
It is rarely prescribed over concerns involving human neurotoxicity and potential for recreational use as an aphrodisiac and euphoriantamong other concerns, as well as the availability of safer substitute drugs with comparable treatment efficacy. Dextromethamphetamine is a much stronger CNS stimulant than levomethamphetamine. Both methamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine are illicitly trafficked and sold owing to their potential for recreational use.
The highest prevalence of illegal methamphetamine use occurs in parts of Asia, Oceania, and in the United States, where racemic methamphetamine, levomethamphetamine, and dextromethamphetamine are classified as schedule II controlled substances. Levomethamphetamine is available as an over-the-counter OTC drug for use as an inhaled nasal decongestant in the United States. While dextromethamphetamine is a more potent drug, racemic methamphetamine is sometimes illicitly produced due to the relative ease of synthesis and limited availability of chemical precursors.
In low to moderate doses, methamphetamine can elevate moodincrease alertness, concentration and energy in fatigued individuals, reduce appetite, and promote weight loss. At very high doses, it can induce psychosisbreakdown of skeletal muscleseizures and bleeding in the brain. Chronic high-dose use can precipitate unpredictable and rapid mood swingsstimulant psychosis e.
Recreationally, methamphetamine's ability to increase energy has been reported to lift mood and increase sexual desire to such an extent that users are able to engage in sexual activity continuously for several days.
Heavy recreational use of methamphetamine may lead to a post-acute-withdrawal syndromewhich can persist for months beyond the typical withdrawal period. Unlike amphetaminemethamphetamine is neurotoxic to human midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Methamphetamine belongs to the substituted phenethylamine and substituted amphetamine chemical classes.
It is related to the other dimethylphenethylamines as a positional isomer of these compounds, which share the common chemical formula : C 10 H 15 N 1. In the United States, dextromethamphetamine hydrochloride, under the trade name Desoxynhas been approved by the FDA for treating ADHD and obesity in both adults and children;   however, the FDA also indicates that the limited therapeutic usefulness of methamphetamine should be weighed against the inherent risks associated with its use.
As methamphetamine is associated with a high potential for misuse, the drug is regulated under the Controlled Substances Act and is listed under Schedule II in the United States. Methamphetamine is often used recreationally for its effects as a potent euphoriant and stimulant as well as aphrodisiac qualities.Chrome for raspberry pi 4
According to a National Geographic TV documentary on methamphetamine, an entire subculture known as party and play is based around sexual activity and methamphetamine use.
Methamphetamine is contraindicated in individuals with a history of substance use disorderheart diseaseor severe agitation or anxiety, or in individuals currently experiencing arteriosclerosisglaucomahyperthyroidismor severe hypertension. The physical effects of methamphetamine can include loss of appetitehyperactivity, dilated pupilsflushed skinexcessive sweatingincreased movementdry mouth and teeth grinding leading to " meth mouth "headache, irregular heartbeat usually as accelerated heartbeat or slowed heartbeatrapid breathinghigh blood pressurelow blood pressurehigh body temperaturediarrhea, constipation, blurred visiondizzinesstwitchingnumbnesstremorsdry skin, acneand pale appearance.Ice has been called the most dangerous drug of our times and there's no doubt the impact of ice addiction can be devastating.
It's unlikely you'd develop dependence after using ice just once, says drug researcher Steve Allsop. The more times you use ice — or any other drug — the greater the risk of developing a dependency.Philips pus7304 calibration
That's because there are many mental barriers to overcome when you take a drug for the first time, Professor Allsop says. For instance, you may feel anxious about the actual process of consuming the drug. You may also feel uncertain about entering a new environment with unfamiliar people. But many of those concerns fall away the first time you take it, which means you'll likely be less fearful and more inclined to take the drug again.
Professor Allsop, the director of the National Drug Research Institute at Curtin University, says drug dependence usually develops over time, and can be understood as the degree of difficulty that an individual has in refraining from using the substance.
There is no definitional difference between "addiction" and "dependence". But many health professionals prefer the term "dependence", because "addiction" has negative connotations that encourages stigma against drug users. This is unhelpful, as discrimination can prevent people from seeking treatment. Professor Allsop says there are a number of factors that influence drug dependence, and these include the drug itself, the person using the drug, and the social supports that person has.
This way of understanding drug dependence is known as the Zinberg Interaction Model, developed by Norman Zinberg. The type of drug consumed plays a large role in whether or not someone will become dependent on it. Drugs that cause a rapid rise and fall of chemicals in the brain are more likely to cause dependence. So, substances such as ice, tobacco and alcohol have a high potential for dependence, whereas drugs such as marijuana are less addictive.
As well, the way you consume a drug also makes a difference in addiction. Injecting or smoking a drug makes it more potent. This is because these methods allow the drug to reach the brain at a much quicker rate, which means that it is more likely to result in dependence.
Ice, along with speed and base, is a form of the potent stimulant drug methamphetamine. So what happens when you take it? For instance, certain people are more resilient or psychologically robust, which means they have better impulse control and are less likely to develop addictions, Professor Allsop says. Nicole Lee, an associate professor at the National Drug Research Institute, provides additional detail on factors that may enhance drug dependence.M pesa register
These include gender, age, and family history. According to Dr Lee, men are more likely than women to become dependent on drugs. As well, younger people and those with childhood trauma or family breakups are susceptible to dependency. Professor Allsop says those who live in a positive and supportive environment are less likely to become dependent on drugs. Factors such as a stable job, a loving family, and a strong social network are positive reinforcements that help to protect against drug dependence.
Professor Allsop explains this through the metaphor of abseiling. An abseiler's safety depends on the numerous ropes that attach him to a cliff. This is similar to a drug user, whose positive reinforcements secure him to a healthy lifestyle and good wellbeing. However, with increased frequency of substance use, it is possible that these ropes may wear thin and eventually break away, leading to drug dependence. Professor Allsop also talks about the sense of belonging, which he says is a rarely discussed but nevertheless strong influence on drug dependency.
People who say they don't belong often feel disconnected from their family, school or workplace. Amongst other reasons, they may feel isolated because of negative relationships. They may also believe that their contributions are meaningless and unappreciated.
Many of these people who feel like they don't belong in society resort to drugs because they are able to find comfort in the company of other drug takers. These people may feel that they are only able to forge strong connections with other people who take drugs, which drives them to continue taking drugs themselves.The chemical methamphetamine hydrochloride is generally just known as methamphetamine. Common street names for methamphetamine include crank, speed, meth, crystal meth, and crystal tea.Behringer subwoofer used
Meth has been a popular drug of abuse for many years in the United States in its conventional, powdered form, which is usually snorted, ingested, or injected. Ice is a potent, smokable form of methamphetamine, while crack is a potent form of freebase cocaine.Dtone exclusive
The substances are smoked in a similar fashion and both provide the user with an immediate, intense high and increased alertness. Unlike the minute high produced from using crack, the high from smoking ice can last from 8 to 24 hours.
In contrast to cocaine, which is derived from the refined leaves of the South American coca plant and then imported, ice is synthesized in a chemical laboratory. Crack is usually packaged in glass or plastic vials and sold in small quantities of mg.
Ice is used by placing the substance in a glass pipe, heating it, and inhaling the resulting vapors. The vapors enter the bloodstream directly through the lungs and are rapidly transported to the brain. When ice is heated, its solid crystals turn to liquid.
When it cools, ice reverts to its solid state and is therefore reusable. Since ice is odorless, it can easily be used in public without being detected. In addition to its use for recreational purposes, ice is often used in the workplace to increase alertness.
Drug Information Meth. Sign up free to receive our email newsletter: Email. Ron Hubbard. Language: English US. All Rights Reserved. Narconon and the Narconon logo are trademarks and service marks owned by the Association for Better Living and Education International and are used with its permission.
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